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Celebrating African American History Month

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African American History Month: this month we honor and celebrate our country’s African American heritage.

Wedding photo of Charlotte Hawkins Brown, 1912.

Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown on her wedding day, 1912. From the North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh, NC.

African American History Month first began by Presidential Proclamation of Gerald Ford in 1976.  The year 1976 was also the 50th anniversary of the celebration of Negro History Week which began in 1926 by the efforts of Carter G. WoodsonNegro History week emerged from the founding of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH) in Chicago in 1915. An historian, journalist, and advocate for systematic research into the neglected and buried history of African Americans, Woodson was one of the first scholars to study African American history, and he had put the event in motion in 1924 by urging members of his fraternity, Omega Psi Phi, to organize Negro History and Literature Week. This later became Negro Achievement Week.

In 1925, the 50th anniversary of Emancipation, the ASNLH organized the national celebration to take place the following year in February. The organizers chose February for two birthdays historically celebrated in Black Communities: Abraham Lincoln on February 12 and Frederick Douglass on February 14.  The event quickly spurred the growth of organizations and community groups who responded with annual celebrations. By the 1950s, Negro History Week was celebrated in cities and communities across the country.  And building on the heels of the 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement, and the 50 year history of Negro History Week, President Gerald Ford made the first federal proclamation of African American History Month in 1976.  Since that time, all of the country’s presidents have issued the February proclamation.

This month we’ll feature the history and achievements of Black and African Americans. We’ll begin today by sharing a few super useful resources to get you started exploring African American history and to help you follow the celebration throughout the month. Some of these resources are based in North Carolina and feature North Carolina’s history. Others connect to the national celebration. Please check them out to learn more!

From NCpedia, North Carolina’s online encylopedia:

Exploring North Carolina: African American Historyhttps://www.ncpedia.org/exploring-north-carolina-african-american-history. This collection brings together numerous topics, with links to encyclopedia articles. Some of the topics include: biographies, history of African American Education and the state’s HBCUs, organizations (civic, business, political and religious), culture and the arts, law, segregation, politics, civil rights, and historic places.  The collection also includes an extensive list of links to local and primary source collections online, as well as an extensive print bibliography.  Educator resources and lesson plans are also included.

From the National African American History Month commemoration website:

African American History Monthhttps://africanamericanhistorymonth.gov/. This site is a joint initiative by a number of federal institutions — the Library of Congress, National Archives and Records Administration, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution and United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.  It’s a fabulous compendium of information and access points to biographies, historical essays, historical collections and documents, audio and video materials, legislative materials, and more. They have included a special resource page for teachers.  And the site also includes a calendar of live events throughout the month, some available by live-streaming.

From Blackpast.org — the online reference guide to African American History:

With more than 13,000 articles, Blackpast.org provides comprehensive access to the history of African Americans in the United States and around the world. The online resources includes access to speeches, photographs, and primary sources and has many special features including support for genealogy research.

From the North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources:

Celebrations, exhibits and educational events around the state for African American history monthhttps://www.ncdcr.gov/news/press-releases/2018/01/18/black-history-month-programs-nc-department-natural-and-cultural. Whether you find yourself on the Coast, in the Piedmont, or the Mountains, visit this calendar for happenings and learning opportunities near you.

And we’re social!  Please follow us on social media to tune in to the conversation!  Use the hashtag #everythingnc

Facebookhttps://www.facebook.com/ncghl/

Twitterhttps://twitter.com/ncpedia

Instagram https://www.instagram.com/everything_nc/

 

— Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

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