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Genealogy

Census Tips: 1860 Census

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The 1860 census was the eighth federal census. Census day was June 1, 1860. Information collected in 1860 was almost identical to 1850. In the ten years between 1850 and 1860, two new states were created: Minnesota in 1858 and Oregon the following year. There were also several territories in 1860. New Mexico (which included Arizona) and Utah (included parts of Nevada and Colorado) territories were included in 1850. New territories in the 1860 census include the following: Kansas (includes area that became Colorado), Nebraska (includes parts of the area that became Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming), Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma, the enumeration of non-American Indians), and Washington (created when Oregon became a state, included parts of what became Idaho, western Montana and northwest Wyoming). All North Carolina counties that existed in 1860 were enumerated and there are no missing records.

Map of NC showing county borders. Text: North Carolina 1860

 

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Tip of the week: Using Sanborn Maps

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Sanborn maps are a valuable research tool. These maps are fire insurance maps dating 1866-1959. Approximately 3,000 cities have Sanborn maps that cover all 50 U.S. states, Canada, and Mexico.

North Carolina maps include 145 towns within 85 counties; however, different cities have maps for different years. For example, the town of Hertford in Perquimans County has maps for the years of 1916, 1923, 1929-1940. On the other hand, Concord in Cabarrus County has maps dated 1885, 1887, 1892, 1897, 1902, 1906, 1911, 1921, and 1927.

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NC Digital Collection Updates

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North Carolina Digital Collection Updates!

We have 2 updates to share about the North Carolina Digital Collections: the Family Records Collection has a new homepage and a new look and we have added some more State Fair Premium Lists to the State Fair Digital Collection!

Family Records Collection – New Look

The State Library of North Carolina recently redesigned their website. Along with this change, we collaborated with reference staff at the Government & Heritage Library as well as staff at the State Archives of North Carolina to incorporate the Family Records Collection’s previous design into the North Carolina Digital Collections.

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The new homepage for the Family Records Collection

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Census Tips: Mortality Schedule

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Mortality schedule of the 1850-1880 census

The Mortality schedule of the U.S. Federal Census was very useful to genealogists. Many states, including North Carolina, did not issue death certificates until the 1900s. The mortality schedule may in some cases allow you to find a death date. Although only enumerating four years, if your ancestor happened to die and was enumerated, the schedule can be a great substitute of a death certificate.

entries on a 1850 Morality Schedule of NC

entries from the Bladen County, NC 1850 mortality schedule page 49

The people who appear in the schedules died within the year prior to census day, which was June 1st for 1850-1880. Only those whose death was recorded died between June 1st of the previous year and May 30th of the current year.  If a death is dated between June and December, it occurred in the preceding year (i.e., 1849, 1859, 1869, or 1879, depending on the year of the mortality schedule it appears in). If the month of death is listed as sometime between January and May, they are for the current year (i.e., 1850, 1860, 1870, or 1880, depending on the year of the mortality schedule).

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This blog is a service of the State Library of North Carolina, part of the NC Department of Natural and Cultural Resources. Blog comments and posts may be subject to Public Records Law and may be disclosed to third parties.